The Mediterranean Gardening Association in Portugal held the fifth International Spring Conference in Lagos over the long holiday weekend of April 22-25. The aim was to reveal the practical and aesthetic benefits of making beautiful and sustainable gardens with plants of the Mediterranean and dry-zone flora worldwide.
The weekend was also well supported by members of other Mediterranean garden groups from France and the UK from MGi (Mediterranean Gardening International) – an international group of societies for people with an interest in Mediterranean plants and gardens.
For many it was their first visit to Portugal and a chance to see the spring wildflower displays at their best. A short pre-tour visit to Sintra and Lisbon was organised for those interested in extending their visit to a very full seven days.
This conference looked at modern trends towards use of native plants from Mediterranean zones for sustainable mediterranean gardens and how to unlock their huge future potential. We were delighted to hear directly from Olivier Filippi on creating dry gardens in the Mediterranean and from Dr Ken Thompson on the tricky subject of ‘Soils – The Final Frontier’. The theme was illustrated by visits to contemporary gardens in the Algarve and appreciation of examples throughout Portugal from our panel of speakers.
Marilyn Medina Ribeiro opened the event with a look at various garden styles and illustrated these with projects completed in the Algarve for both small urban plots and larger countryside gardens.
We were delighted to welcome Miguel Coelho de Sousa from Lisbon showing examples of current use for native and climate-compatible plantings in larger landscape projects but he ended by showing lovely photos of his own private garden where he has put his ideas into action.
We were brought up to date on the ongoing project for use of Mediterranean plants in green roof construction by Teresa Paço of Lisbon University. The detailed research and data collection for the project will be invaluable in evaluating plants best suited to these difficult conditions.
The conference included opportunities to see wonderful wild flowers and some notable local private gardens. Private garden visits were offered as an optional extension to the conference weekend and we were very grateful to the private garden owners who opened their homes and gardens to the visitors.
Gardens visited ranged from small villa gardens where lawns had been swapped for borders filled with texture and colour to larger areas filled with spontaneous native plants managed for diversity and year-round interest.
Guided wildflower walks visited two distinct areas at the peak time for viewing plants: the biodiversity hotspots of Amoreira beach and the stunning location of Cape St Vincent on the Sagres peninsula.
Amoreira beach was designated a biodiversity hotspot (Estação da Biodiversidade) by the University of Lisbon and the Council of Aljezur only in March 2016.
The first site is a shale hill with many unusual species, leading into salt marshes. The trail followed an already marked footpath across the dunes and was following in the famous footsteps of botanical author Oleg Polunin who wrote field guides to many Mediterranean regions. In addition to the unusually beautiful landscape, visitors were also able to learn about the main species they saw along the way. Our guide was Udo Schwarzer and he organised an informal species count exercise so that everyone could observe first-hand the diversity contained within a relatively small area.
Cape St Vincent pensinsula was classified as a biogenetic reserve in 1988 owing to the high concentration of endemic plants. Both sites are in the Parque Natural do Sudoeste Alentejano e Costa Vicentina, the finest preserved stretch of European coastline, covering over 100km, from Porto Covo in the Alentejo to Burgau in the Algarve. The park includes various habitats and unique species of animal and plant life, and is visited by many zoologists and botanists from all parts of the world. Plant life includes unique indigenous species such as Biscutella vicentina, Cistus palhinae and Plantago algarbiensis.
Included as part of the weekend activities was the opportunity to meet the authors and buy copies of some of the most exciting new books in 2016. These included the newly-published English edition by Olivier Filippi of Planting Design for Dry Gardens – beautiful, resilient groundcovers for terraces, paved areas, gravel and other alternatives to the lawn. Olivier was kept busy signing copies of the book and we sold out over the weekend!
The book launch and presentation by the authors for the updated and extended second edition of Algarve Wildlife – the natural year was also well attended. This is one of the most successful books about the Algarve and the new edition was available for the first time at this event.
There was also the range of native plant seed for sale from Sementes de Portugal and João Gomes was with us at the conference to talk about this initiative. A specialist plant nursery, Caminhos Sombreados of Lagoa, brought lovely plants for the meeting room display and for sale, and we were delighted to have botanical artist Suzie Puttick with us selling cards and prints of her beautiful paintings.
It was an extremely busy seven days but there were plenty of opportunities to meet old friends, catch up on gardening news from other groups and be inspired by the fantastic speakers. There were relaxing evening dinners and much talk over the coffee cups. We learnt from each other and from our generous and inspiring speakers. A great way to spend a springtime weekend in the Algarve.
By Rosie Peddle